Youth in the Justice System
Indicator #38: Youth Conviction Rate
Indicator 38A: Youth justice community rate per 10,000 youth population.
Indicator 38B: Youth justice custody rate per 10,000 youth population.
- Involvement in the youth justice system is often the consequence of poor childhood outcomes such as social exclusion, low educational achievement, and poverty.1
- In 2014, the rate of youth in custody in BC was 2 per 10,000, which is one-third the Canadian rate of 6 per 10,000.2
The youth justice system in BC includes three categories:
- Formal diversion: Youth who are diverted from the court system to be managed by police in a formal community service such as the John Howard Society.
- First community sentence: Youth under a first court order to serve a sentence in the community (rather than incarceration).
- Incarceration: Youth ordered to serve a sentence in a Youth Custody Centre.2
- As shown in Figure 38AB.1, the rate per 10,000 of youth in the BC justice system declined substantially from 2009 to 2014.
Figure Notes and Sources
Notes: "Diversion" includes youth who are diverted from the court system to be managed by police in a formal community service such as the John Howard Society. "First Community Sentence" includes youth under a first court order to serve a sentence in the community rather than incarceration. "Incarceration" includes youth in a Youth Custody Centre.
Data source: BC Ministry of Children and Family Development, Corporate Data Warehouse, 2015. Prepared by the Surveillance and Epidemiology Team, BC Office of the Provincial Health Officer, 2016.
- McMurtry R, Curling A. Review of the roots of youth violence: literature reviews. Vol. 5. Toronto, ON: Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services; 2008.
- BC Ministry of Children and Family Development. Performance management report. Vol. 7. Victoria, BC: BC Ministry of Children and Family Development; 2015 Sep [cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from: http://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/family-and-social-supports/services-su….